Treating the Sperm: Selection, Stimulation, and Cryopreservation Techniques

  • Erma Z. Drobnis


In evaluation of an infertile couple, clinicians tend to overlook the male partner or delay his workup. This tendency could become more pronounced if immediate application of intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) becomes the standard treatment for male-factor infertility. Compelling reasons exist for giving the male partner a thorough evaluation before suggesting appropriate treatment for his infertility.1 In some cases, a man can be treated directly after the minimal expense of a careful history, physical examination, and semen evaluation.2 Other men will benefit from having their sperm treated for use in assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures. Of the ART methods available, less invasive and less costly procedures, such as intrauterine insemination (IUI), may be the most appropriate therapy.3,4 For patients who have a high likelihood of success with IUI, it is unwarranted to proceed directly to more expensive and risky micromanipulation procedures. To improve the methods of “treating the sperm,” meaningful assays of sperm function are required for appropriate evaluation and comparison of various sperm treatments.


Sperm Motility Seminal Plasma Human Sperm Acrosome Reaction Motile Sperm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erma Z. Drobnis

There are no affiliations available

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