On the Margins: Experimental Physics and Mathematics in the German States, 1790–1830

  • Elizabeth Garber

Abstract

Paris was not the only site for the practice and development of mathematics and experimental philosophy around the turn of the nineteenth century.1 Throughout the eighteenth century, in Britain and the German States, experimental philosophers and mathematicians built their own traditions, interacting with, but not over-whelmed by, the research of the French. After 1800 the achievements of French experimentalists and mathematicians intruded into those traditions and began to change them. These intrusions reoriented research problems and the terms of their solution by both experimentalists and mathematicians. At the same time and on a broad scale, British and German societies went through metamorphoses. In the German states, the invasion and occupation of the Rhineland by the French accelerated these changes. Experiences in the Napoleonic wars added to the structural, economic translocations already affecting Britain.

Keywords

Europe Assure Refraction Dition Nism 

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth Garber
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of HistorySUNY-Stony BrookStony BrookUSA

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