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The Biosphere: An Envelope of the Earth

  • Vladimir I. Vernadsky

Abstract

In 1875, one of the most eminent geologists of the past century, Prof. E. Suess of Vienna University, introduced the idea of the biosphere as a specific, life-saturated envelope of the Earth’s crust.172 Despite the importance of life in the structure of the Earth’s crust, this idea has only slowly penetrated scientific thinking, and even today is not much appreciated. This idea, focusing on the ubiquity of life and the continuity of its manifestations, represented a new empirical generalization of which Suess could not have seen the full implications. Only as the result of recent scientific discoveries is this beginning clear.

Keywords

Chemical Element Oceanic Crust Basic Rock Lower Mantle Sima Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vladimir I. Vernadsky

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