The biosphere may be regarded as a region of transformers that convert cosmic radiations into active energy in electrical, chemical, mechanical, thermal, and other forms. Radiations from all stars enter the biosphere, but we catch and perceive only an insignificant part of the total; this comes almost exclusively from the sun26 The existence of radiation originating in the most distant regions of the cosmos cannot be doubted. Stars and nebulae are constantly emitting specific radiations, and everything suggests that the penetrating radiation discovered in the upper regions of the atmosphere by Hess27 originates beyond the limits of the solar system, perhaps in the Milky Way, in nebulae, or in stars of the Mira Ceti type28 The importance of this will not be clear for some time,29 but this penetrating cosmic radiation determines the character and mechanism of the biosphere.
- Cosmic Radiation
- Living Matter
- Inert Matter
- Zodiacal Light
- Insignificant Part
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
And of that we receive only one half billionth of the total solar output (Lovins, Lovins, Krause, and Bach, 1981).
See Hess, 1928.
Mira Ceti is a long period variable star. Variable stars show periodic variations in brightness and surface temperature. Mira Ceti has an average period of 331 days.
Here Vernadsky anticipates the discovery of cosmic background radiation (Weinberg, 1988).
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout
Purchases are for personal use onlyLearn about institutional subscriptions
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
© 1998 Springer Science+Business Media New York
About this chapter
Cite this chapter
Vernadsky, V.I. (1998). The Biosphere as a Region of Transformation of Cosmic Energy. In: The Biosphere. Copernicus, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-1750-3_2
Publisher Name: Copernicus, New York, NY
Print ISBN: 978-1-4612-7264-9
Online ISBN: 978-1-4612-1750-3
eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive