The Biosphere as a Region of Transformation of Cosmic Energy
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The biosphere may be regarded as a region of transformers that convert cosmic radiations into active energy in electrical, chemical, mechanical, thermal, and other forms. Radiations from all stars enter the biosphere, but we catch and perceive only an insignificant part of the total; this comes almost exclusively from the sun26 The existence of radiation originating in the most distant regions of the cosmos cannot be doubted. Stars and nebulae are constantly emitting specific radiations, and everything suggests that the penetrating radiation discovered in the upper regions of the atmosphere by Hess27 originates beyond the limits of the solar system, perhaps in the Milky Way, in nebulae, or in stars of the Mira Ceti type28 The importance of this will not be clear for some time,29 but this penetrating cosmic radiation determines the character and mechanism of the biosphere.
KeywordsCosmic Radiation Living Matter Inert Matter Zodiacal Light Insignificant Part
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