Endoscopic Parathyroid and Thyroid Surgery
General surgery has undergone a revolutionary change in the past several years due to the widespread introduction of laparoscopic surgery into clinical practice. Many open abdominal operations have now been largely replaced by laparoscopic procedures, which result in less morbidity and postoperative pain, produce less scarring, and lead to a faster recovery . Because of this change, surgeons have been seeking less invasive or minimally invasive methods for performing a variety of procedures, either by endoscopic techniques or with smaller open incisions. In the field of endocrine surgery, laparoscopic adrenalectomy has already supplanted open adrenalectomy at many institutions [2–5], and laparoscopic techniques have been used in patients with pancreatic islet cell tumors .
KeywordsDioxide Osteoporosis Adenoma Radionuclide Sponge
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References and Recommended Reading
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