Embeddings into Projective Space

  • Christina Birkenhake
  • Herbert Lange
Part of the Progress in Mathematics book series (PM, volume 177)


A complex torus is an abelian variety if and only if it admits a holomorphic embedding into some projective space. Hence a general complex torus does not admit a projective embedding. We will show in this chapter that if (X, H) is a nondegenerate complex torus of dimension g and index k, then X admits a differentiable embedding into projective space which is holomorphic in gk variables and antiholomorphic in k variables. For this choose a line bundle L with first Chern class 3H. The vector space H k (X,L) is the only nonvanishing cohomology group of L. It may be considered as the vector space of harmonic forms of bidegree (gk, k) with values in L. Choosing a suitable metric of L, these forms yield the embedding X → ℙ N . This embedding depends on the choice of a k-dimensional subvector space V of V = T0X on which the hermitian form H is negative definite. This embedding comes out of the proof of the Riemann-Roch Theorem of [CAV], Chapter 3. It goes back to a trick of Wirtinger [Wi]: A suitable change of the complex structure of X defines in a canonical way a line bundle M which is positive definite and satisfies h k (L) = h0(M). As we learned from R. R. Simha, this approach appears already in the work of Matsushima (see [Ma]).


Vector Space Line Bundle Projective Space Elliptic Curf Theta Function 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christina Birkenhake
    • 1
  • Herbert Lange
    • 2
  1. 1.Fakultät für Mathematik und PhysikUniversität BayreuthBayreuthGermany
  2. 2.Mathematisches InstitutUniversität Erlangen-NürnbergErlangenGermany

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