Air Pollution Effects on Growth of Ponderosa Pine, Jeffrey Pine, and Bigcone Douglas-Fir

  • M. J. Arbaugh
  • D. L. Peterson
  • P. R. Miller
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 134)


Air pollution from the Los Angeles/Orange County Metropolitan area travels eastward, entering the San Bernardino Mountains along the southern and western edges of the range. This inflow pattern results in elevated ambient levels of pollutants in most forest areas below 2,600 m and a northeast-to-southwest gradient of increasing pollution across the mountain range (Bytnerowicz et al., this volume). The highest air pollution levels in the San Bernardinos are at the lower ecotone of mixed conifer forest. Below the mixed conifer forest, bigcone Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga macrocarpa) grow in canyon areas dominated by chaparral shrubland. This area has slightly lower amounts of ozone air pollution but has larger amounts of nitrogenous pollution, higher air temperatures, and lower amounts of precipitation.


Radial Growth Bark Beetle Slope Position Basal Area Increment Ozone Exposure 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Arbaugh
  • D. L. Peterson
  • P. R. Miller

There are no affiliations available

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