Deviation of Geodesics in FLRW Spacetime Geometries

  • George F. R. Ellis
  • Henk van Elst


The geodesic deviation equation (“GDE”) provides an elegant tool to investigate the timelike, null and spacelike structure of spacetime geometries. Here we employ the GDE to review these structures within the Friedmann—LemaîtreRobertson—Walker (“FLRW”) models, where we assume the sources to be given by a noninteracting mixture of incoherent matter and radiation, and we also take a nonzero cosmological constant into account. For each causal case we present examples of solutions to the GDE and we discuss the interpretation of the related first integrals. The de Sitter spacetime geometry is treated separately.


Deviation Vector Spacetime Geometry Intrinsic Curvature Raychaudhuri Equation Relativistic Cosmology 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • George F. R. Ellis
  • Henk van Elst

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