Characterization of a High-Productivity Recombinant Strain of Zymomonas mobilis for Ethanol Production from Glucose/Xylose Mixtures
The fermentation characteristics of a recombinant strain of Zymomonas mobilis ZM4(pZB5) capable of converting both glucose and xylose to ethanol have been further investigated. Previous studies have shown that the strain ZM4(pZB5) was capable of converting a mixture of 65 g/L of glucose and 65 g/L of xylose to 62 g/L of ethanol in 48 h with an overall yield of 0.46 g/g. Higher sugar concentrations (e.g., 75/75 g/L) resulted in incomplete xylose utilization (80 h). In the present study, further kinetic evaluations at high sugar levels are reported. Acetate inhibition studies and evaluation of temperature and pH effects indicated increased maximum specific uptake rates of glucose and xylose under stressed conditions with increased metabolic uncoupling. A high-productivity system was developed that involved a membrane bioreactor with cell recycling. At sugar concentrations of approx 50/50 g/L of glucose/xylose, an ethanol concentration of 50 g/L, an ethanol productivity of approx 5 g/(L.h), and a yield (γp/S) of 0.50 g/g were achieved. Decreases in cell viability were found in this system after attainment of an initial steady state (40–60 h); a slow bleed of concentrated cells may be required to overcome this problem.
Index EntriesRecombinant Zymomonas mobilis xylose fermentation lignocellulosic hydrolysates inhibition ethanol
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