Introduction to Operations Research
The activity called operations research (OR) was developed during World War II when leading British scientists were consulted to improve military strategy against the enemy. A team of physicists, mathematicians, statisticians, engineers and sometimes even psychologists and chemists conducted research on military operations under the leadership of R M. S. Blacken.1 These scientists worked on important military problems such as the deployment of radar, management of bombing and antisubmarine operations and military logistics. Many of these problems were solved by applying the scientific method and using mathematical techniques such as algebra, calculus and probability theory.2
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