The Laws of Thermodynamics
In the last section we realized that heat is nothing but a special form of energy. This was the discovery of R.J. Mayer (1842). The perception of heat as energy which is statistically distributed among the particles of a system, was established by Clausius (1857): he introduced the statistical concept of the mean square of the velocity and derived the ideal gas law from kinetic theory.
KeywordsInternal Energy Heat Pump Isolate System Irreversible Process Heat Bath
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