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Pythagoras and His School

  • W. S. Anglin
  • J. Lambek
Part of the Undergraduate Texts in Mathematics book series (UTM)

Abstract

Pythagoras (570-500 BC) was born in Samos, a Greek island off the coast of what is now Turkey. According to ancient sources (Iamblichus, Porphyry and Diogenes Laërtius), he traveled and studied in the Persian empire, which extended then from northern Greece to the Indus Valley and included ancient Mesopotamia. We know (Plimpton 322) that the Babylonians understood what is now called the ‘theorem of Pythagoras’, although the latter may have given the first proof. Pythagoras may have learned the theory of ‘Pythagorean triangles’ from the Babylonians.

Keywords

Religious Cult Figurative Number Consecutive Integer Mathematical Discovery Triangular Number 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. S. Anglin
    • 1
  • J. Lambek
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and StatisticsMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada

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