Pythagoras and His School
Pythagoras (570-500 BC) was born in Samos, a Greek island off the coast of what is now Turkey. According to ancient sources (Iamblichus, Porphyry and Diogenes Laërtius), he traveled and studied in the Persian empire, which extended then from northern Greece to the Indus Valley and included ancient Mesopotamia. We know (Plimpton 322) that the Babylonians understood what is now called the ‘theorem of Pythagoras’, although the latter may have given the first proof. Pythagoras may have learned the theory of ‘Pythagorean triangles’ from the Babylonians.
KeywordsReligious Cult Figurative Number Consecutive Integer Mathematical Discovery Triangular Number
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