A “Head Start” in What Pursuit? IQ Versus Social Competence as the Objective of Early Intervention

  • Edward Zigler
  • Sally J. Styfco


“Project Head Start, which began as an experiment, is now battle tested and it has been proven worthy.” So spoke President Lyndon Johnson in August 1965, when he announced that Head Start would become a year-round program after its inaugural summer session.1; “Compensatory education has been tried and it apparently has failed,” wrote educational psychology professor Arthur Jensen just 4 years later.2 By the time Head Start celebrated its twenty-fifth birthday, it was lauded as “the nation’s pride”3 and “the one program everyone wants to help.”4 Soon, however, the public was reading about “The Head Start Scam” and Herrnstein and Murray’s blunt opinion on “the disappointment of Head Start” in The Bell Curve. 6


Social Competence Head Start Poor Child Preschool Education Early Intervention Program 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward Zigler
  • Sally J. Styfco

There are no affiliations available

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