Since the 1950 constitutive meeting in New York, the Union had been working actively in order to enlarge its membership. A special effort was made in advance of the 1954 General Assembly. Invitations to join the Union were then sent to eighteen countries. Of these only three responded, and they were admitted to the IMU, yet an important expansion was forthcoming. During the years 1956-1958 six Socialist countries of Europe, among them the USSR, joined the Union. Mathematically, this was an essential gain. In addition, through these new members the IMU faced the task of promoting mathematical cooperation across the Iron Curtain. At the same time, discussions about membership of the People’s Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan) to the IMU revealed the complications of the Chinese question.
KeywordsExecutive Committee German Democratic Republic Socialist Country Tata Institute Iron Curtain
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