High Temperature Neutron Diffraction Studies of YBa2-xSrxCu3O7-δ

  • J. FaberJr.
  • R. L. Hitterman
Part of the Materials Chemistry at High Temperatures book series (MCHT, volume 1)


In situ,high-temperature neutron diffraction experiments have been performed on the nonstoichiometric, Sr-doped, 123 superconducting material YBa2-xSrXCu307-δ using a unique, restricted-angle, high temperature furnace constructed for use with time-of-flight scattering techniques. The furnace provides a completely isolated specimen chamber in the temperature range of 20 < T < 1400C, and the oxygen partial pressure can be controlled in the range of 10-20 < P02 < 1 atm (105 Pa). For x = 0.33 (in YBa2-xSrXCu307-δ) and PO2 = 1 atm, an order-disorder transition is observed at T = 650 C. The crystal symmetry changes from orthorhombic (Pmmm) below the transition to tetragonal (P4/mmm) above. The mechanism of the phase transition involves the redistribution of anions on the 0(1) and 0(5) lattice sites; these sites become equivalent in the high temperature tetragonal phase. With P02. = 1 atm the nonstoichiometric state of the specimen changes with temperature, hence the experimental results must be mapped onto the (T, δ) plane. The transition temperature, Tot decreases with increasing Sr concentration. Under isothermal conditions with T = 490C, the transition occurs at PO2 2 = 3 x 10-3 atm.


Oxygen Partial Pressure Tetragonal Phase Site Occupation High Temperature Furnace Thermal Vibration Ellipsoid 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. FaberJr.
    • 1
  • R. L. Hitterman
    • 1
  1. 1.Materials Science DivisionArgonne National LaboratoryArgonneUSA

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