Finding roots of equations involving functions defined by first order algebraic differential equations
A method is given for approximating solutions of f (x) = 0, for f in a certain class F of real valued analytic functions of one real variable. The method depends on being able to decide the sign of f (r) for given f in F and rational r. That is, approximation of roots is Turing reduced to the constant problem. The last root problem is evaded: essentially solutions are only found in given finite intervals.
The class of functions F contains x, exp(x), log(x) for x > 0, sin(x) for x in (—π/2, π/2), and is closed under field operations, differentiation and integration. F is built up by successively adding solutions g of first order differential equations q(x, g, g′) = 0, where q is a polynomial whose coefficients may involve previously defined functions.
The main technique used is construction of a false derivative. A false derivative of f (x) is a function f *(x) which is continuous and has the same sign as f′(x) whenever f(x) = 0.
KeywordsNormal Form Order Differential Equation Finite Interval Algebraic Differential Equation Quotient Field
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