Assessment of Ethanol Consumption with a Wearable, Electronic Ethanol Sensor/Recorder

  • Robert M. Swift
  • Larry Swette

Abstract

Accurate and reliable measurement of alcohol consumption over extended time periods is important for treatment, research, and forensic applications. In a clinical setting, assessing alcohol consumption is important for identifying problem drinking and monitoring treatment compliance in individuals undergoing substance-abuse treatment. In a research setting, determining consumption is necessary to assess treatment outcomes and to understand patterns and amounts of drinking behaviors in various cohorts. Forensic applications include monitoring alcohol use in special populations, including transportation workers, drunk drivers, and impaired professionals.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Chapter 11, this volume.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. C. Sobell, S. A. Maisto, M. B. Sobell, and A. M. Cooper (1979) Reliability of alcohol abusers’ self-reports of drinking behavior. Behav. Res. Ther. 17, 157–160.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. S. McCrady, T. J. Paolino, and R. Longabaugh (1978) Correspondence between reports of problem drinkers and spouses on drinking behavior and impairment. 7. Stud. Alcohol 39, 1252–1257.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    T. F. Babor, R. S. Stephens, G. A. Marlatt (1987) Verbal report methods in clinical research on alcoholism: Response bias and its minimization. J.Stud. Alcohol 48(5), 410–424.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    T. J. O’Farrell and S. A. Maisto (1987) The utility of selfreport and biological measures of alcohol consumption in alcoholism treatment outcome studies. Adv. Behav. Res. Ther. 9, 91–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. C. Sobell, M. B. Sobell, G. Leo, and A. Cancilla (1988) Reliability of a timeline method: Assessing normal drinkers’ reports of recent drinking and comparative evaluation across several populations. Brit. J. Addict. 83,393–402.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    R. K. Fuller, K. K. Lee, and E. Gordis (1988) Validity of self-report in alcoholism research: Results of a veterans administration cooperative study. Alcoholism: Clin. Exp. Res. 12, 201–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. Stibler and S. Borg (1981) Evidence for reduced sialic acid content in serum transferrin in male alcoholics. Alcoholism: Clin. Exp. Res. 5, 545–549.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    R. S. Ryback, M. J. Eckhardt, B. Felsher, and R. R. Rawlings (1982) Biochemical and hematologie correlates of alcoholism and liver disease. JAMA 248, 2261–2265.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    P. Cushman, G. Jacobson, J. J. Barboriak, and A. J. Anderson (1984) Biochemical markers for alcoholism: sensitivity problems. Alcoholism: Clin. Exp. Res. 8, 253–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Takase, A. Takada, M. Tsutsumi, and Y. Matsuda (1985) Biochemical markers of chronic alcohol. Alcohol 2, 405–410.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    E. Nyman and A. Palmlov (1936) The elimination of ethyl alcohol in sweat. Skandinavisches Archiv fur Physiologie 74, 155–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. L. S. Pawan and K. Grice (1968) Distribution of alcohol in urine and sweat after drinking. Lancet 2, 1016.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    S. W. Brusilow and E. H. Gordis (1966) The permeability of the sweat gland to non-electrolytes. Am. J. Disease Children 112, 328–333.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    D. J. Brown (1985) Pharmacokinetics of alcohol excretion in human perspiration. Methods Findings Exp. Clin. Pharmacol. 7(10), 539–544.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    R. J. Scheuplein and I. H. Blank (1971) Permeability of the skin. Physiol. Rev. 51(4), 702–747.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    M. Phillips (1980) An improved adhesive patch for long-term collection of sweat. Biomater. Med. Devices Art. Organs 8(1), 13–21.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    M. Phillips and M. H. McAloon (1980) A sweat-patch test for alcohol consumption: Evaluation in continuous and episodic drinkers. Alcoholism: Clin. Exp. Res. 4(4), 391–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. Phillips (1982) Sweat patch test for alcohol consumption: Rapid assay with an electrochemical detector. Alcoholism: Clin. Exp. Res. 6(4), 532–534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    E. L. R. Phillips, R. E. Little, R. S. Hillman, R. F. Labbe, and C. Campbell (1984) A field test of the sweat patch. Alcoholism: Clin. Exp. Res. 8(2), 233–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. H. Pannentier, M. R. Liepman, and T. Nirenberg (1991) Reasons for failure of the alcohol sweat patch. Alcoholism: Clin. Exp. Res. (abstract), in press.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    A. W. Jones (1978) A rapid method for blood alcohol determination by headspace analysis using an electrochemical detrector. J. Forensic Sci. 23, 283–291.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    K. A. Gibb, A. S. Yee, C. C. Johnston, S. D. Martin, and R. M. Nowak (1984) Accuracy and usefulness of a breath alcohol analyzer. Ann. Enterg. Med. 13(7), 516–520.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    K. Dubowski (1976) Recent developments in breath alcohol analysis. Proceedings of the 6th Int. Conference on Alcohol Drugs and Traffic Safety. S. Israelstam and S. Lambert, eds. (ARF of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    NIAAA (1989) Recommended Council Guidelines on Ethyl Alcohol Administration in Human Experimentation. National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    N. Holford (1990) MKMODEL, Version 4. Biosoft, Cambridge, UK.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    H. Kalant ( 1971 ) Absorption, diffusion, distribution and elimination of alcohol, The Biology of Alcoholism, B. Kissin, H. Begleiter, eds. (Plenum, New York).Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    R. D. Batt (1989) Adsorption, distribution and elimination of alcohol, in Human Metabolism of Alcohol vol.1, K. E. Crow, R. D. Batt, eds. (CRC, Boca Raton, FL).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    E. M. P. Widmark (1932) Die theoretischen Grundlagen und die praktische Verwendbarkheit der gerichtlichmedizinischen Alkoholbestimmung (Urban and Schwarzenberg, Berlin).Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    J.-P. von Wartberg (1989) Pharmacokinetics of alcohol, in Human Metabolism of Alcohol vol.1, K. E. Crow and R. D. Batt, eds. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    D. J. Brown (1985) A method for determining the excretion of volatile substances through skin. Methods Findings Exp. Clin. Pharmacol 7(5), 269–274.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    K. Dubowski (1976) Human pharmacokinetics of ethanol 1. Peak blood alcohol concentrations and elimination in male and female subjects. Alcohol Tech. Rep. 5, 55–63.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    R. M. Swift, P. Camara, and W. Griffiths (1991) Use of toxicological analysis in the identification of drugs of abuse. Medical Psychiatric Practice, vol.1, A. Stoudemire and B. Fogel, eds. (APA Press, Washington, DC).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert M. Swift
    • 1
  • Larry Swette
    • 2
  1. 1.Brown UniversityProvidence
  2. 2.Giner, Inc.Waltham

Personalised recommendations