Foot and Ankle

  • Alexander Charalambous
  • Matthew BarryEmail author
Part of the In Clinical Practice book series (ICP)


Foot and ankle problems in children are a common cause of parental anxiety. It is important to distinguish a true deformity from a normal variant and to begin appropriate treatment promptly. The problem may be isolated or exist as part of an underlying condition. It is therefore important to consider this when performing your initial assessment. This chapter outlines common conditions and also some common normal variants.


Hallux Valgus Plantar Fascia Soft Tissue Release Medial Arch Serial Casting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Key References

  1. Evans AM, Rome K. A Cochrane review of the evidence for non-surgical interventions for flexible pediatric flat feet. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2011;47(1):69–89.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Wright J, Coggings D, Maizen C, Ramachandran M. Reverse Ponseti-type treatment for children with congenital vertical talus: comparison between idiopathic and teratological patients. Bone Joint J. 2014;96-B(2):274–8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Schwend RM, Drennan JC. Cavus foot deformity in children. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2003;11(3):201–11.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.T&O SpR Royal London RotationLondonUK
  2. 2.Paediatric and Young Adult Orthopaedic UnitThe Royal London and The London Children’s Hospitals, Barts Health NHS TrustLondonUK

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