Paediatric Knee

  • Jagwant Singh
  • Sam Heaton
  • Kyle JamesEmail author
Part of the In Clinical Practice book series (ICP)


This chapter covers the paediatric conditions relating to the knee and proximal tibia. Whereas normal variants of alignment of the knee are covered in another chapter, here we will consider pathological causes. We will discuss malalignment conditions, including Blount’s disease, patellar instability and Osteochondritis Dissecans.


Knee Blount’s disease Patella instability Osteochondritis dessicans Orthopaedic 

Key References

  1. Blount WP. Tibia vara, osteochondrosis deformans tibiae. Curr Pract Orthop Surg. 1965;3:141–56.Google Scholar
  2. Langenskiold A. Tibia vara. A critical review. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1989;(246):195–207.Google Scholar
  3. Vavken P, Wimmer MD, Camathias C, Quidde J, Valderrabano V, Pagenstert G. Treating patella instability in skeletally immature patients. Arthroscopy. 2013;29(8):1410–22.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Chambers HG, Shea KG, Carey JL. AAOS Clinical Practice Guideline: diagnosis and treatment of osteochondritis dissecans. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2011;19:307–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.T&O SpR Royal London RotationLondonUK
  2. 2.Paediatric and Young Adult Orthopaedic UnitThe Royal London and Barts and The London Children’s Hospitals, Barts HealthLondonUK

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