Ventricular Septal Defect
Ventricular Septal Defects (VSD) represent the most common congenital heart malformation which comprises approximately 20 % of inborn heart defects. Size and location are distinguishing factors which are determined by the auscultative quality of the murmurs as well as key physical exam findings. Other diagnostic modalities which supplement physical exam findings include: EKG, chest X-ray, and echocardiography. Once the septal severity is determined, the prognosis of the patient can be properly gauged and the required therapeutic approach may be implemented. This chapter outlines the etiology, key auscultation features, diagnostic testing, management, and prognosis of VSDs.
KeywordsVSD Ventricular Septal Defect Congenital defect Graham-Steell murmur Eisenmenger’s syndrome Inching Technique
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