Voltage Control on Distribution Smart Grids

  • Sandro CorsiEmail author
Part of the Advances in Industrial Control book series (AIC)


Primary cabin (PC) voltage control of a distribution grid that hosts the DG is analysed, assuming a control scheme that includes transformers (TR) with on-load tap changer (OLTC), but also generators and flexible AC transmission systems (FACTS), allowing their reactive power remote control. Therefore, more than one contemporary closed-loop control operates on the same variable (voltage) or on the strictly linked variable (reactive power). These combined efforts require proper coordination among operating control loops that generally have different dynamic performances. Promising proposals of alternative coordinated PC controls, including reactive power flow between HV and MV bus bar control, are presented. They are aimed to a great extent to achieve effective automatic regulation via simple and practical solutions.


Reactive Power Voltage Control Voltage Regulation Transmission Grid Feeder Generator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    IEEE Standards Association: IEEE Standard 1547–2003 (2003) IEEE Standard for interconnecting distributed resources with electric power systemGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hadjsaid N, Canard J-F, Dumas F (1999) Dispersed generation impact on distribution networks. IEEE Comp Appl Power 12(2):22–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hiscock L, Hiscock N, Kennedy A (2007) Advanced voltage control for network with distributed generation. Paper 0148, 19th international conference on electricity distribution, Vienna, May 2007Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Choi J-H, Kim J-C (2001) Advanced voltage regulation method at the power distributed systems interconnected with dispersed storage and generation systems. IEEE Trans Power Syst 16(2):329–334CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Viawan FA, Karlsson D (2008) Coordinated voltage and reactive power control in the presence of distributed generation. IEEE/PES general meeting-conversion and delivery of electrical energy in the 21st century, Pittsburgh, July 2008Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lu F-C, Hsu Y-Y (1997) Fuzzy dynamic programming approach to reactive power/voltage control in a distribution substation. IEEE Trans Power Syst 12(2)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bompard E, Carpaneto E, Chicco G, Napoli R (1999) Voltage control in radial systems with dispersed generation. International conference on electric power engineering, IEEE PowerTech Conference, Bucharest, Romania, 1999Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Tlusty J (2005) Management of the voltage quality in the distribution system within dispersed generation sources. 18th International conference on electricity distribution, CIRED, Turin, June 2005Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Bonhomme A, Cortinas D, Boulanger F, Fraisse J-L (2001) A new voltage control system to facilitate the connection of dispersed generation to distribution networks. CIRED, Conference Publication No. 482 IEE 2001, June 2001Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Vovos PN, Kiprakis AE et al (2007) Centralized and distributed voltage control: impact in distributed generation penetration. IEEE Trans Power Syst 22(1):437–483CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sansawatt T (2010) Integrating distributed generation using decentralized voltage regulation. IEEE/PES General Meeting, MinneapolisGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Di Fazio AR Fusco G Russo M (2012) Decentralised voltage regulation in smart grids using reactive power from renewable DG. IEEE International Energy Conference and Exhibition (ENERGYCON) pp 580–586Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Delgado N, Costa N, Maia B (2012) Control architectures to perform voltage regulation on low voltage networks using DG. Integration of renewables into the distribution grid, CIRED Workshop, May 2012Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vaccaro A, Zobaa AF (2013) Voltage regulation in active networks by distributed and cooperative meta-heuristic optimizers. Electr Power Syst Res 99:9–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chen TH, Wang MS, Yang NC (2007) Impact of distributed generation on voltage regulation by ULTC transformer using various existing methods. WSEAS International Conference on PS, Beijing, China, 2007Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    El-Khattam W, Salama MMA (2002) Impact of distributed generation on voltage profile in deregulated distribution systemGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Tanaka K, Oshiro M, Toma S, Yona A, Senjyu T, Funabashi T, Kim C-H (2010) Decentralized control of voltage in distribution systems by distributed generators. IET Proc Gener Transm Distrib 4(11):1251–1260CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Baran ME, El-Markabi IM (2007) A mulitagent-based dispatching scheme for distributed generators for voltage support on distribution feeders. IEEE Trans Power Syst 22(1):52–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Le ADT, Muttaqui KM, Negnevitsky M, Ledwich G (2007) Response coordination of distributed generation and tap changers for voltage support. Australasian Universities Power Engineering Conference, December 2007Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ConsultantCastellanzaItaly

Personalised recommendations