Advertisement

Building Glasses and Skylights: Optical Characterization

  • D. FontaniEmail author
  • F. Francini
  • P. Sansoni
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Transparent coverings were applied to windows since ancient times to permit sunlight access and prevent loss of heat from the building. Current technologies allow realizing elevated thermal insulation between internal and external environments, simultaneously mitigating the solar spectrum portion that is useless for human vision and that in summer would overheat indoor spaces.

Keywords

Glass Panel Luminous Efficacy Glass Pane Luminance Distribution Liquid Crystal Device 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Littlefair PJ (1985) The luminous efficacy of daylight: a review. Lighting Res Technol 17(4):162–182CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Nazzal (2005) A new evaluation method for daylight discomfort glare. Int J Ind Ergon 35:295–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    CIE Publication No. 117 (1995) Discomfort glare in interior lighting, Commission internationale de l’eclairage, Vienna, AustriaGoogle Scholar

Further Reading

  1. 1.
    CIE Publication No. 17.4 (1987) Vocabulaire international de l’éclairage, vol 50(845). CEI Publication, Geneve, SuisseGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Glare from windows (2006) Report of CIE Division 3—R3-19 (Velds-Knupp)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    CIE 190 (2010) Calculation and presentation of unified glare rating tables for indoor lighting luminaires commission internationale de l’Eclairage, Vienna, AustriaGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Werner KE (2005) Osterhaus discomfort glare assessment and prevention for daylight applications in office environments. Sol Energy 79(2):140–158CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Boyce PR (1981) Human factors in lighting. Applied Science Publishers, LondonGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Boyce PR (1998) Why daylight? In: Proceedings of daylighting ’98: an international conference on daylighting technologies for energy efficiency in buildings, Ottawa, Ontario, 11–13 May 1998, pp 359–366Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bellia L, Cesarano A, Iuliano GF, Spada G (2008) Daylight glare: a review of discomfort indexes. In: Visual quality and energy efficiency in indoor lighting: today for tomorrow, Roma, Italia, 31 Mar 2008Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chauvel P, Collins JB, Dogniaux R, Longmore J (1982) Glare from windows: current views of the problem. Lighting Res Technol 14(1):31–46Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    IESNA (2000) Illuminating engineering society of North America IESNA. In: Mark R (ed) Lighting handbook: reference and application, 9th edn. IESNA, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    EN 673 Glass in building—determination of thermal transmittance (U value)—calculation methodGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    EN 410 Glass in building—determination of luminous and solar characteristics of glazingGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    NFRC 201 (2010) Procedure for interim standard test method for measuring the solar heat gain coefficient of fenestration systems using Calorimetry Hot box methodsGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CNR-INO National Institute of OpticsFlorenceItaly

Personalised recommendations