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Cuboid Fractures

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Trauma and Orthopaedic Classifications


Cuboid fractures are rare injuries, which are usually part of complex crushing injuries of the foot. Such complex injuries may divert attention away from cuboid fractures which may remain undiagnosed for a long period of time. The most common mechanism of injury is compression between the calcaneus and the base of the fourth and fifth metatarsals when the foot is forcefully plantar flexed on a fixed forefoot (nutcracker fracture). The retaining of the normal shape and articulation of the cuboid with the surrounding bones is crucial as normal gait depends on pain free mobility in the calcaneocuboid joint and the cuboid articulations with the fourth and fifth metatarsals. Cuboid fractures are classified according to the OTA system into three types. The system groups cuboid fractures as extra-articular (A), partial articular (B) and articular(C). Each group is divided into some subtypes with higher letters and numbers denoting more significant injury.

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Correspondence to Nikolaos K. Kanakaris MD, PhD .

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Kanakaris, N.K., Lasanianos, N.G. (2015). Cuboid Fractures. In: Lasanianos, N., Kanakaris, N., Giannoudis, P. (eds) Trauma and Orthopaedic Classifications. Springer, London.

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