C2 Body Fractures

  • Spiros G. PneumaticosEmail author
  • George K. Triantafyllopoulos


In 1996 Fujimura et al. classified 31 cases of axis body fracture by the type of bony injury depicted in radiographic images into the following four types: avulsion, transverse, burst, and sagittal fractures. The results of treatment in these types were retrospectively analysed for guidelines to be extracted.


Interbody Fusion Lateral Mass Avulsion Fracture Burst Fracture Transverse Fracture 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Fujimura Y, Nishi Y, Kobayashi K. Classification and treatment of axis body fractures. J Orthop Trauma. 1996;10(8):536–40.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Isolated fractures of the axis in adults. Neurosurgery 2002;50(3 Suppl):S125–39.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pryputniewicz DM, Hadley MN. Axis fractures. Neurosurgery. 2010;66(3 Suppl):68–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Spiros G. Pneumaticos
    • 1
    Email author
  • George K. Triantafyllopoulos
    • 2
  1. 1.3rd Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, School of MedicineUniversity of AthensAthensGreece
  2. 2.3rd Academic Department of Trauma and OrthopaedicsKAT HospitalAthensGreece

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