Chondral Lesions

  • Nick G. Lasanianos
  • Nikolaos K. Kanakaris


In a 1961 study Outerbridge presented the first true grading system for articular cartilage to describe the incidence of chondromalacia patellae at the time of meniscectomy. This macroscopic classification, as all early cartilage classification systems, uses both appearance and size of the lesion to assign a four grade staging. Outerbridge’s initial descriptions of chondral lesions of the patella were subsequently adapted as the Outerbridge classification for all chondral surfaces.


Articular Cartilage Subchondral Bone Autologous Chondrocyte Implantation Chondral Lesion Osteochondral Grafting 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, School of MedicineUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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