Traumatic Shoulder Dislocation Types

  • Nick G. LasanianosEmail author
  • Michalis Panteli


The shoulder joint is the one with the greatest range of motion in the body, and as a result is particularly susceptible to subluxations or dislocations. Approximately half of major joint dislocations seen in emergency departments are of the shoulder. Shoulder dislocations may be Anterior (Fig. 10.1), which are the most common, Posterior (Fig. 10.2) or Inferior (Fig. 10.3) [1, 2].


  1. 1.
    Connoly J. The management of fractures and dislocations: an atlas. 3rd ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders; 1981.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Solomon L, Warwick D, Nayagam S. Injuries of the shoulder, upper arm and elbow. In: Solomon L, Warwick D, Nayagam S, editors. Apleys system of orthopaedics and fractures. London: Arnold; 2001:587–9.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Lasanianos N, Mouzopoulos G. An undiagnosed bilateral anterior shoulder dislocation after a seizure: a case report. Cases J. 2008;1(1):342.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yamamoto T, Yoshiya S, Kurosaka M, Nagira K, Nabeshima Y. Luxatio erecta (inferior dislocation of the shoulder): a report of 5 cases and a review of the literature. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2003;32(12):601–3.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Davids JR, Talbott RD. Luxatio erecta humeri. A case report. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1990;252:144–9.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Handoll HH, Almaiyah MA, Rangan A. Surgical versus non-surgical treatment for acute anterior shoulder dislocation. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(1):CD004325.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Paul J, Buchmann S, Beitzel K, Solovyova O, Imhoff AB. Posterior shoulder dislocation: systematic review and treatment algorithm. Arthroscopy. 2011;27(11):1562–72.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Paterson WH, Throckmorton TW, Koester M, Azar FM, Kuhn JE. Position and duration of immobilization after primary anterior shoulder dislocation: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010;92(18):2924–33.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Godin J, Sekiya JK. Systematic review of rehabilitation versus operative stabilization for the treatment of first-time anterior shoulder dislocations. Sports Health. 2010;2(2):156–65.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Grumet RC, Bach Jr BR, Provencher MT. Arthroscopic stabilization for first-time versus recurrent shoulder instability. Arthroscopy. 2010;26(2):239–48.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Wakai A, O’Sullivan R, McCabe A. Intra-articular lignocaine versus intravenous analgesia with or without sedation for manual reduction of acute anterior shoulder dislocation in adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(4):CD004919.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Handoll HH, Hanchard NC, Goodchild L, Feary J. Conservative management following closed reduction of traumatic anterior dislocation of the shoulder. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006;(1):CD004962.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Academic Department of Trauma and Orthopaedics, School of MedicineUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

Personalised recommendations