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Wireless Sensor Microsystem Design: A Practical Perspective

  • Lei Wang
  • David R. S. Cumming
  • Paul A. Hammond
  • Jonathan M. Cooper
  • Erik A. Johannessen
  • Kamen Ivanov
Chapter

Abstract

The development of small sensory systems for use in distributed networks as well as single autonomous devices has been actively pursued for more than 50 years. The stimulant to this activity, as with most modern technologies, was the invention of the transistor that made miniaturisation possible. The earliest wireless sensor devices were developed for use in a range of applications, including wireless animal tracking and medical instrumentation (Mackay RS, Bio-medical telemetry – sensing and transmitting biological information from animals and man. Wiley, New York, 1968). Although there was considerable activity in the field during the 1950s and 1960s (Mackay RS, Science 134:1196–1202, 1961), continuing research appeared to recede in subsequent years. However, in the 1970s and 1980s, the microelectronics industry rapidly developed after the invention of the first integrated circuit (IC) microprocessor (Lewin MH, IEEE Trans Circuit Syst 22(7):577–585, 1975) for use in personal computers and work stations. The rapid growth in consumer electronic products, exemplified by mobile communications and the Internet in the 1990s, made researchers and practitioners realise the potential for personalised wireless systems incorporating location sensitive information and sensor technologies. In essence, these devices owe much to the early work of pioneers, but modern designs will depend heavily on new emerging technologies such as System-on-Chip (SoC) and the implementation of mobile (wireless) communication protocols.

Keywords

Endoscopic Capsule Solder Bump Register Transfer Level Hardware Description Language CMOS Image Sensor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lei Wang
    • 1
  • David R. S. Cumming
    • 2
  • Paul A. Hammond
    • 3
  • Jonathan M. Cooper
    • 2
  • Erik A. Johannessen
    • 4
  • Kamen Ivanov
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Biomedical and Health Engineering, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced TechnologyChinese Academy of SciencesShenzhenPR China
  2. 2.School of EngineeringUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  3. 3.Dialog SemiconductorEdinburghUK
  4. 4.Førsteamanuensis, Department of Micro- and Nanosystems Technology (IMST)Vestfold University CollegeTønsbergNorway

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