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Pediatric Drowning

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Abstract

Drowning is an important cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide, with tremendous discrepancy by demography. The epidemiology, pathoyphysiology, and outcome of drowning in children is reviewed. Evaluation and treatment of the drowning victim at various locations of care is discussed. Prediction of neurologic outcome is often difficult but important for decision making. Various means of predicting outcome, including clinical assessment, radiologic examination, and neurophysiological testing are reviewed.

Keywords

  • Drowning
  • Submersion
  • Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy
  • Cardiac arrest

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Fig. 48.1

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Coryell, J., Ibsen, L.M. (2014). Pediatric Drowning. In: Wheeler, D., Wong, H., Shanley, T. (eds) Pediatric Critical Care Medicine. Springer, London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-6362-6_48

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