Common Themes and Conclusions



This concluding chapter explores important themes that emerged from the case studies and provides insights about the context in which EBED is implemented around the world. Some themes are more obvious, such as that EBED efforts tend to require multidimensional and comprehensive approaches, but others are more nuanced, such as that timing of EBED projects is crucial and often difficult. We also observe that EBED efforts may be met by unintended consequences when the benefits and burdens from energy development are distributed in unexpected ways and that community participation is important, especially for place-based approaches.


Transportation Income 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Public and Environmental AffairsIndiana UniversityBloomingtonUSA
  2. 2.RTI InternationalResearch Triangle ParkUSA

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