Advertisement

Towards Sustainable Energy Systems Through Deploying Smart Grids: The Japanese Case

  • Amy Poh Ai Ling
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

The deployment of smart grids has a major role to play in Japan’s aspiration to achieve sustainable energy systems. A smart grid in Japan is designed to have an intelligent monitoring system, which not only keeps track of all the energy coming in from diverse sources but also can detect where energy is needed through a two-way communication system that collects data about how and when consumers use power. This chapter examines the vision, concepts, and elements of Japan’s smart grid development. Smart grids are a part of the Japanese government’s ‘go green’ effort to bring Japan to a leadership position in environmental and energy sustainability. This analysis provides an overview of Japan’s major initiatives in deploying smart grids, including smart communities, large-scale smart grid pilot projects in four major cities, as well as overseas collaboration. Major smart grid awareness promotion bodies in Japan are discussed along with their important initiatives for influencing and shaping policy, architecture, standards, and traditional utility operations. Implementing a smart grid will not happen quickly because when Japan does adopt one, it will continue to undergo transformation and be updated to support new technologies and functionality.

Keywords

Japanese Smart grid Smart communities Pilots Collaboration 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This chapter is an updated republication of the paper ‘The Japanese Smart Grid Initiatives, Investment, and Collaborations’ by Amy Poh Ai Ling, Sugihara Kokichi, and Mukaidono Masao, International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications 3(7), 44–45. The copyright permission for reusing the paper has been granted by SAI Organization Inc. The author was supported by the MIMS Ph. D. Program of the Meiji Institute for Advanced Study of Mathematical Sciences (MIMS) and DC2 Scholarship of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).

References

  1. 1.
    Asahi (2011) Toyota city low-carbon project model homes completed. Asahi, JuneGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brighter Energy News (2011) US and Japan work on Maui Smart Grid for electric vehicles. Brighter Energy News. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.brighterenergy.org/22835/news/transport/us-and-japan-work-on-maui-smart-grid-for-electric-vehicles/
  3. 3.
    Cabinet Office (2011) Living Off the Grid. Tokyo: Cabinet Office, Government of Japan. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.gov-online.go.jp/pdf/hlj/20110201/20110201all.pdf
  4. 4.
    Carson P (2011) Smart grid more attractive, post-Japan? Intell Util Daily, Mar 15. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.intelligentutility.com/article/11/03/smart-grid-more-attractive-post-japan
  5. 5.
    DPJ (2013) The DPJ manifesto 2013: helping to protect lives and livelihoods. The democratic party of Japan, Tokyo. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.dpj.or.jp/english/manifesto/manifesto2013.pdf
  6. 6.
    Duffield JS, Woodall B (2011) Japan’s new basic energy plan. Energy Policy 39(6):3741–3749. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2011.04.002
  7. 7.
    ECCJ (2005) Japan energy conservation handbook 2004/2005. The Energy Conservation Center, Japan. Retrieved 30 July, 2013, from http://www.eccj.or.jp/databook/2004-2005e/index.html
  8. 8.
    European Nuclear Society (2013) Nuclear power plants, world-wide. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.euronuclear.org/info/encyclopedia/n/nuclear-power-plant-world-wide.htm
  9. 9.
    Faruqui A, Hledik R, Sergici S (2009) Piloting the smart grid. Electri J 22(7):55–69. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tej.2009.06.012
  10. 10.
    Fehrenbacher K (2010) The new smart grid players: Korea, Japan, China, Oh My! Blog Retrieved from http://gigaom.com/2010/02/01/the-new-smart-grid-players-korea-japan-china-oh-my/
  11. 11.
    FEPC (2011) The federation of electric power companies of Japan, Tokyo. Electr Rev Japan. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/library/electricity_eview_japan/__icsFiles/afieldfile/2011/01/28/ERJ2011_full.pdf
  12. 12.
    FEPC (2013) Nuclear Power Plants in Japan. Nuclear Power Generation. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/nuclear/power_generation/plants/
  13. 13.
    FEPC (2013) Profile of Japan’s major power generation sources, energy and electricity. Information Plaza of Electricity. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.fepc.or.jp/english/energy_electricity/electric_power_sources/index.html
  14. 14.
    Grand Lyon (2012) Lyon smart community: media kit. Grand Lyon. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.economie.grandlyon.com/fileadmin/user_upload/fichiers/site_eco/20121121_gl_lyon_smart_community_dp_en.pdf
  15. 15.
    Green Car Congress (2011) US and Japan collaborating on smart grid project in Hawaii; EV operation and charging, including grid-balancing services. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.greencarcongress.com/2011/05/hitachi-20110518.html
  16. 16.
    Greenbang (2011) Japanese, Korean utilities join smart-grid coalition. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.greenbang.com/japanese-korean-utilities-join-smart-grid-coalition_16971.html
  17. 17.
    GSGF (2012) Global smart grid federation: Japan Smart Community Alliance. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.globalsmartgridfederation.org/japan.html
  18. 18.
    Hitachi Ltd., Cyber Defense Institute Inc., JFE Engineering Corporation, Sharp Corporation, Hewlett-Packard Japan Ltd., Mizuho Corporate Bank Ltd. (2011) U.S. and Japan companies collaborate on smart grid project in Hawaii. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://sharp-world.com/corporate/news/110517.html
  19. 19.
    Hosaka TA (2010) Japan creating ‘smart city’ of the future. San Francisco Chronicle, 11 Oct 2010. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.sfgate.com/business/article/Japan-creating-smart-city-of-the-future-3171405.php
  20. 20.
    IEA PPSP (2012) Trends in photovoltaic applications. International energy agency photovoltaic power systems programme, France. Retrieved 29 Sept 2013, from http://www.iea-pvps.org/index.php?id=92&no_cache=1&tx_damfrontend_pi1[showUid]=1239&tx_damfrontend_pi1[backPid]=92
  21. 21.
    IEA PVPS (2010) Trends in photovoltaic applications: survey report of selected IEA countries between 1992 and 2009. International energy agency photovoltaic power systems programme, Switzerland. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.iea-pvps.org/fileadmin/dam/public/report/statistics/tr_2009_neu.pdf
  22. 22.
    Ito S (2009) Japan’s initiative on smart grid–a proposal of ‘nature grid’. Information Economy Division, Ministry of Economy Trade and Industry, Tokyo. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://documents.eu-japan.eu/seminars/europe/other/smart_grid/presentation_ogawa.pdf
  23. 23.
    Japan Guide (2013) Electricity in Japan. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.japan-guide.com/e/e2225.html
  24. 24.
    Japan Today (2010) 4 companies start smart grid demonstration project in Rokkasho. Japan Today. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.japantoday.com/category/technology/view/4-companies-start-smart-grid-demonstration-project-in-rokkasho
  25. 25.
    Japanese Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun (2010) Smart grid of the future urban development. Japanese Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun, June 2010Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Kok K, Warmer C, Venekamp G, Weidlich A, Karnouskos S, Silva PD, Liolou V (2011) SmartHouse/SmartGrid: D2.5 final architecture for SmartHouse/SmartGrid. European Commission, Brussels. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.smartgrid.gov/sites/default/files/doc/files/SmartHouse_SmartGrid_D25_Final_Architecture_for_SmartHouse_201103.pdf
  27. 27.
    Ling APA, Masao M (2011) Grid information security functional requirement—fulfilling information security of a smart grid system. Int J Grid Comput Appl 2(2):1–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ling APA, Masao M (2011) Selection of model in developing information security criteria on smart grid security system. Paper presented at ninth IEEE international symposium on the parallel and distributed processing with applications workshops (ISPAW), 26–28 May 2011. Retrieved 2 Au 2013Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ling APA, Mukaidono M, Kokichi S (2011) The natural grid concept and the strategy of Asia’s energy-balance pioneer. Paper presented at the smart grid electronics forum, 24–25 Oct 2011, San JoseGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Mah DN, Wu YY, Ip JC, Hills PR (2013) The role of the state in sustainable energy transitions: a case study of large smart grid demonstration projects in Japan. Working paper. The Kadoorie Institute, The University of Hong Kong. Hong Kong. Retrieved 28 Aug 2013, from http://www.kadinst.hku.hk/PDF_file/KI_working_paper_18_revised_on_3Jul2013.pdf
  31. 31.
    Matsuoka T (2011) Kitakyushu City’s challenge toward a low-carbon society (Kitakyushu smart community creation project). Paper presented at the international symposium: learning the way to building low carbon society (Mar 10), Shinagawa. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.challenge25.go.jp/roadmap/media/s5_en.pdf
  32. 32.
    Matsutani M (2012) ‘Smart grid/community’ special. Japan Times, 16th Year. No. 40,739, 14 Oct 2012. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://info.japantimes.co.jp/ads/pdf/1014z01-08.pdf
  33. 33.
    McGuire K (2010) The smart grid movement: Japan vs. U.S. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://smart-grid.tmcnet.com/topics/smart-grid/articles/73301-smart-grid-movement-japan-vs-us.htm
  34. 34.
    METI (2011) Hawaii–Okinawa partnership on clean and efficient energy development and deployment. Tokyo: Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.meti.go.jp/english/press/2011/0603_01.html
  35. 35.
    METI (2013) Smart community. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.meti.go.jp/english/policy/energy_environment/smart_community/index.html, 5 Aug 2013
  36. 36.
    Nakata H (2011) Smart grid pursuit slow off mark. Japan Times, 11 Jan 2011. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2011/01/11/reference/smart-grid-pursuit-slow-off-mark/#.UftQI9JkOQ0
  37. 37.
    Rediff (2011) Japan to help Gujarat in smart community project. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.rediff.com/business/report/japan-to-help-gujurat-in-smart-community-project/20110113.htm
  38. 38.
    Renesas (2010) Special Interview—part 5 of 5: Guido Bartels, Chairman of GridWise Alliance, talks about ‘Smart Grid’. Renesas EDGE. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://sg.renesas.com/media/edge_ol/feature/05/r70pf0028ej0101_edge.pdf
  39. 39.
    Shinkawa T (2010) Smart grid and beyond. Paper presented at the 2010 BNEF energy smart technologies leadership forum, 27–28 Oct 2010, New York. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://about.bnef.com/presentations/smart-grid-and-beyond/
  40. 40.
    Statistics Bureau, Japan (2012) Japan statistical yearbook 2013. Japan: Statistics Bureau, from http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/nenkan/index.htm
  41. 41.
    The World Bank (2013) World development indicators—GDP (current US$). Retrieved 8 Feb 2013 http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD
  42. 42.
    Watanabe H (2010) Smart community activities in Japan. Paper presented at the Korea Smart Grid Week, 10 Nov 2010, Jeju Island. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.ksgw.or.kr/down/pr/KSGW_11_HiroshiWatanabe(101110).pdf
  43. 43.
    World Nuclear News (2011) Rolling blackouts as Japanese efforts continue. World Nuclear News. Retrieved 2 Aug 2013, from http://www.world-nuclear-news.org/RS-Rolling_blackouts_as_Japanese_efforts_continue-1403117.html
  44. 44.
    Yasui M (2010) Japanese policy on photovoltaic systems. Paper presented at the he nature photonics technology conference (19–21 Oct 2010), Tokyo. Retrieved 5 Aug 2013, from http://www.natureasia.com/pdf/ja-jp/events/photonics/yasui_opening.pdf
  45. 45.
    Zipangu (2009) Japan’s world-class energy-saving and environmental technologies: part 2. Zipangu, 2nd edn, pp 13–16. Retrieved Aug 31, from http://www.iri-japan.co.jp/en/zipangu_en/pdf2/ZIPANGU2%20P13-16.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS), Graduate School of Engineering, Department of Technology Management for InnovationsUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations