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Acute Kidney Injury: Management and Prevention

  • Yogita Aggarwal
  • Mark Harber
  • Christopher M. Laing
Chapter

Abstract

Until relatively recently, and somewhat to the discredit of nephrology, the management of AKI has been rather a Cinderella subject breeding a nihilistic approach to both the treatment and importance of this common phenomenon. However, overwhelming data demonstrating the high mortality associated with developing AKI, and that AKI predisposes to CKD, have spawned intense interest in AKI and approaches to safely manage patients who develop it. There is now a welter of very good clinical guidelines including 2012 KDIGO [1] NICE [2], intensive care society (www.ics.ac.uk) and the National Confidential Enquiry into patient outcome and death ‘Adding Insult to Injury’ [3]. The London AKI Network has produced pragmatic and practical guidelines covering the care bundle for the management of patients with AKI which can be modified to suit local practice [4] (http://londonaki.net/clinical/index.html and London AKI app). Imaginative, novel and inspirational approaches are being developed to foster AKI networks harmonising protocols, audit and overall patient care. The challenge for nephrologists is to raise the profile of AKI and implement systems and training that support the prevention and rapid treatment of all patients with AKI.

Keywords

Renal Replacement Therapy Urine Output Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy Hydroxyethyl Starch Intermittent Haemodialysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yogita Aggarwal
    • 1
  • Mark Harber
    • 2
  • Christopher M. Laing
    • 3
  1. 1.Renal DepartmentRoyal Free HospitalHampstead, LondonUK
  2. 2.UCL Department of NephrologyRoyal Free London NHS Foundation TrustHampstead, LondonUK
  3. 3.UCL Centre for NephrologyRoyal Free London NHS Foundation Trust and University College London HospitalsLondonUK

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