Risk Factors in Low-back Pain. An Epidemiological Survey

  • Alexander D. L. BakerEmail author


J W Frymoyer, M H Pope, J H Clements, D G Wilder, B MacPherson, T Ashikaga


Back Pain Back Injury Injury Prevention Program Injury Claim Study Examine Risk Factor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Frymoyer JW, Pope MH, Costanza MC, Rosen JC, Goggin JE, Wilder DG. Epidemiologic studies of low-back pain. Spine. 1980;5:419–23.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Deyo RA, Tsui-Wu Y-J. Descriptive epidemiology of low-back pain and its related medical care in the United States. Spine. 1987;12(3):264–8.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Manchikanti L. Epidemiology of low back pain. Pain Physician. 2000;3(2):167–92.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Lahad A, Malter AD, Berg AO, Deyo RA. The effectiveness of four interventions for the prevention of low back pain. JAMA. 1994;272(16):1286–91.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Biering-Sørensen F. Physical measurements as risk indicators for low-back trouble over a one-year period. Spine. 1984;9(2):106–19.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Andersson GBJ. The epidemiology of spinal disorders. In: Frymoyer JW, editor. The adult spine: principles and practice. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott-Raven; 1997. p. 93–141.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Bigos SJ, Battié MC, Spengler DM, et al. A prospective study of work perceptions and psychosocial factors affecting the report of back injury. Spine. 1991;16(1):1–6.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic SurgeryRoyal Preston Hospital, Lancashire Teaching Hospitals NHS TrustPrestonUK

Personalised recommendations