HAGL and Reverse HAGL Lesions

  • Frank Martetschläger
  • James B. Ames
  • Peter J. MillettEmail author


Tearing of the anteroinferior glenoid labrum (Bankart lesion) and of the posteroinferior glenoid labrum (reverse Bankart lesion) are well-documented, common injuries following traumatic shoulder subluxation or dislocation. The labral injury, as well as the loss of tension of the attached capsuloligamentous structures, is known to lead to recurrent instability. Injuries to the capsuloligamentous attachments to the humerus are much less common but have recently gained attention due to advancements in arthroscopic experience and imaging techniques. In 1942, Nicola first described an acute shoulder dislocation with avulsion of the anterior band of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL).


Rotator Cuff Shoulder Instability Glenohumeral Ligament Recurrent Instability Humeral Neck 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Martetschläger
    • 1
  • James B. Ames
    • 2
  • Peter J. Millett
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Orthopaedic Sports MedicineHospital rechts der Isar, Technical University, MunichMunichGermany
  2. 2.Department of OrthopaedicsDartmouth-Hitchcock Medical CenterLebanonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Orthopaedic SurgerySteadman ClinicVailUSA

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