Degenerative Acromioclavicular Joint Disease

  • Giovanni B. Vinanti
  • Daniele Scrimieri
  • Andrea GrassoEmail author


The prevalence of the acromioclavicular (AC) joint osteoarthritis (OA) among general population is very high. We can distinguish a primary and secondary form. The first is related to some risk factors, such as age, even though it has been widely demonstrated that the AC joint undergoes early degenerative changes after the third decade of life. Therefore, an initial OA of the AC joint can appear also in patients in their 40s and is part of an early degenerative ageing process and not necessarily painful. Other risk factors can be intense manual labor or intense sports activities.


Rotator Cuff Coracoid Process Forward Flexion Distal Clavicle Subacromial Space 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni B. Vinanti
    • 1
  • Daniele Scrimieri
    • 2
  • Andrea Grasso
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.3rd Orthopaedic SectionIstituto Clinico San Rocco di FranciacortaOme (BS)Italy
  2. 2.Department of Orthopaedics and TraumatologyOspedale Civile MaggioreVeronaItaly
  3. 3.Orthopaedics and TraumatologyCasa di Cura Villa ValeriaRomeItaly

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