Multidirectional Instability of the Shoulder
Multidirectional instability (MDI) represents a wide spectrum of disease, but is defined as symptomatic, involuntary, and uncontrollable subluxation or dislocation of the glenohumeral joint in two or more directions. Instability should be differentiated from laxity, in which no symptoms are present. Due to its inconsistent definition in the literature, it is difficult to reliably determine its actual incidence. MDI likely represents a less common clinical entity than anterior traumatic instability, representing 7–10 % of all instability cases.
KeywordsCysteine Adduct Immobilization Beach Padding
The video illustrates the arthroscopic procedure to address multidirectional instability of the shoulder (MPG 189542 kb)
- 4.Neer 2nd CS, Foster CR. Inferior capsular shift for involuntary inferior and multidirectional instability of the shoulder. A preliminary report. J Bone Joint Surg. 1980;62A:897–908.Google Scholar