Internal and External Supply Chain Integration: Construct Definition and Validatiion

  • Juan A. Marin-Garcia
  • Rafaela Alfalla-Luque
  • Carmen Medina-López
Conference paper

Abstract

Academic literature would appear to indicate that supply chain integration is a major factor in explaining the performance of companies. The results are nevertheless inconclusive. Certain authors put forward the idea that the vast range of results obtained are due, amongst other things, to the fact that there is no exactness to the group of scales used, no-one has yet published an analysis of the measurement models nor clear benchmarks. In this paper, we present the theoretical definition of four supply chain integration scales (clients, suppliers, external and internal) and the convergent and discriminant validity of a measurement instrument based on a list of items taken from earlier papers. We also propose a benchmark to interpret the scales by percentiles, using a diverse international sampling broken down into sub-samples based on sector, type of company, size of company and degree of vertical integration.

Keywords

Supply chain integration Scale validation Performance 

References

  1. Ahmad S, Schroeder RG (2001) The impact of electronic data interchange on delivery performance. Prod Oper Manag 10(1):16–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alfalla-Luque R, Medina-López C (2009) Supply chain management: unheard of in the 1970s, core to today’s company. Bus Hist 51(2):202–221CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Alfalla-Luque R, Medina-Lopez C, Schrage H (2012a) A study of supply chain integration in the aeronautics sector. Production Planning and Control http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09537287.2012.666868
  4. Alfalla-Luque R, Medina-Lopez C, Dey PK (2012b) Supply chain integration framework using literature review. Production Planning and Control http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09537287.2012.666870
  5. Anderson JC, Rungtusanatham M, Schroeder RG, Devaraj S (1995) A path analytic model of a theory of quality management underlying the deming management method: preliminary empirical findings. Decis Sci 26(5):637–658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bessant J, Kaplinsky R, Morris M (2003) Developing capability through learning networks. Int J Technol Manag Sustain Dev 2(1):19–38CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chang WL, Ik-Whan GK, Dennis S (2007) Relationship between supply chain performance and degree of linkage among supplier, internal integration, and customer. Supply Chain Manag: Int J 12(6):444–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Escrig Tena AB, Bou-Llusar JC (2005) A model for evaluating organizational competencies: an application in the context of a quality management initiative. Decis Sci 36(2):221–257CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Flynn BB, Huo B, Zhao X (2010a) The impact of supply chain integration on performance: a contingency and configuration approach. J Oper Manag 28:58–71CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Flynn BB, Wu SJ, Melnyk SA (2010b) Operational capabilities: hidden in plain view. Bus Horiz 53:247–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Li SH, Rao SS, Ragu-Nathan TS, Ragu-Nathan B (2005) Development and validation of a measurement instrument for studying supply chain management practices. J Oper Manag 23(6):618–641CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Marin-Garcia JA, Carneiro P (2010) Desarrollo Y validación de un modelo multidimensional de la producción ajustada. Intangible Cap 6(1):78–127Google Scholar
  13. Marin-Garcia JA, Carneiro P, Miralles C (2012) Effect of lean manufacturing practices on non-financial performance result: empirical study in spanish sheltered work centers. In: Mejia G, Velasco N (eds). Prod Syst Supply Chain Manag Emerg Countries: Best Pract 3–24. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  14. Marin-Garcia JA, Alfalla-Luque R, Medina-López C (2013) Supply chain integration scales validation and benchmark values. J. Ind Eng and Manag 6(2):423–440Google Scholar
  15. Pagell M, LePine JA (2002) Multiple case studies of team effectiveness in manufacturing organizations. J Oper Manag 20(5):619–639CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Roth AV, Schroeder RG, Huang X, Kristal MM (2008) Handbook of metrics for research in operations management multi-item measurement scales and objective items. SAGE publications, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Sakakibara S, Flynn BB, Schroeder RG (1993) A framework and measurement instrument for just in-time manufacturing. Prod Oper Manag 2(3):177–194CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Topolsek D (2011) The impact of collaboration or collaborative behaviour on the level of internal integration: case study of Slovenian retailers and motor vehicle repair companies. Afr J Bus Manag 5(26):10345–10354Google Scholar
  19. Watts F, Marin-Garcia JA, Garcia-Carbonell A, Aznar-Mas LE (2012) Validation of a rubric to assess innovation competence. Working Pap Oper Manag 3(1):61–70Google Scholar
  20. Zhao X, Huo B, Selen W, Yeung JHY (2011) The impact of internal integration and relationship commitment on external integration. J Oper Manag 29(1–2):17–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Zhu Q, Sarkis J, Lai KH (2008) Confirmation of a measurement model for green supply chain management practices implementation. Int J Prod Econ 111(2):261–273CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan A. Marin-Garcia
    • 1
  • Rafaela Alfalla-Luque
    • 2
  • Carmen Medina-López
    • 2
  1. 1.ROGLE-Departamento de Organización de Empresas (DOE)Universidad Politécnica de ValenciaValenciaSpain
  2. 2.Departamento Economía Financiera y Dirección de Operaciones. GIDEAO research groupUniversidad de SevillaSevillaSpain

Personalised recommendations