John McCarthy was an American computer scientist and the father of the artificial intelligence (AI) field. The term artificial intelligence was coined by McCarthy in 1955, and he was one of the founders of the field. He developed the Lisp programming language, which is one of the oldest programming languages and remains a popular language in the AI field. He served on the international committee that developed the influential Algol programming language. He did some early work on chess playing programs, and he participated in an international match against rivals in Russia conducted via telegraph. He developed the important concept of time-sharing computer systems in the late 1950s/early 1960s. He has also worked on proving that computer programs meet their specifications.
- [Mc:59]McCarthy J (1959) Programs with common sense. In: Proceedings of the Teddington conference on the mechanization of thought processes. Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, LondonGoogle Scholar