Coarctation of the Aorta

Abstract

Coarctation of the aorta, a stenotic disease of the juxtaductal aorta, causes upper extremity hypertension, lower extremity hypoperfusion, and various degrees of left ventricular hypertrophy or left ventricular failure depending on the tightness of the coarcted segment, the age at presentation, and associated cardiac lesions. Patients with coarctation of the aorta can be categorized into three major groups: (1) Patients with isolated coarctation (the greater majority), which can be associated with a bicuspid aortic valve; (2) Patients with coarctation and ventricular septal defect (VSD); (3) Patients who have associated complex heart disease, including truncus arteriosus, transposition of the great arteries, double outlet ventricles, or heterotaxy syndrome.

Keywords

Coarctation Coarctectomy End-to-end anastomosis 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Site Director, Johns Hopkins Children’s Heart Surgery, Florida Hospital for ChildrenOrlandoUSA

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