• Graham Hughes
  • Munther A. Khamashta


Both the renal artery and the renal vein can thrombose in Hughes syndrome. Renal artery stenosis is also seen.

Microthrombosis in the glomerular vessels can be an important additional problem in lupus nephritis patients who are also aPL positive.


Renal Artery Lupus Nephritis Renal Artery Stenosis Interstitial Nephritis Renal Vein Thrombosis 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham Hughes
    • 1
  • Munther A. Khamashta
    • 2
  1. 1.The London Lupus CentreLondon Bridge HospitalLondonUK
  2. 2.Division of Women’s Health, Graham Hughes Lupus Research LaboratoryKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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