The Future

  • Graham Hughes
  • Munther A. Khamashta


Hughes syndrome will come to be recognised as the link between migraine and stroke. It will also become more widely recognised in cardiology (e.g. as a major cause of cardiac ischaemia, especially in women).

However, the ramifications will spread wider, with aPL testing becoming required in conditions as diverse as epilepsy, cardiac arrhythmias, recurrent fractures and memory loss.


Public Health Environmental Factor Healthy Individual Cardiac Arrhythmia Recent Survey 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham Hughes
    • 1
  • Munther A. Khamashta
    • 2
  1. 1.The London Lupus CentreLondon Bridge HospitalLondonUK
  2. 2.Division of Women’s Health, Graham Hughes Lupus Research LaboratoryKing’s College LondonLondonUK

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