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A System Adaptation Framework

  • Xiaolian ZhengEmail author
  • Ben M. Chen
Part of the Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences book series (LNCIS, volume 442)

Abstract

A system refers to a configuration of components connected together by intertwined relationships which acts as a whole [12]. In the broadest sense of the thinking about systems, “everything is a system” [24]. To illustrate, in engineering, it is always referring to a physical system like a hardware or software framework; in science, a system could be a portion of the universe, a method or an algorithm; in social science, the human organizations, human activities, and artificial societies are also viewed as systems.

Keywords

Stock Market Internal Model White Noise Input Daily Closing Price Internal Residue 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electrical and Computer EngineeringNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore

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