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Battery Energy Storage System

  • Stan Atcitty
  • Jason Neely
  • David Ingersoll
  • Abbas Akhil
  • Karen Waldrip
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

This chapter discusses the various technical components of battery energy storage systems for utility-scale energy storage and how these technical components are interrelated. The introduction lists the basic types of large-scale storage and how storage can be used to mitigate the variability associated with renewable generation. It also provides an overview of how to define storage applications as primarily “power” or “energy” based. A basic description of how battery energy storage works is provided with several examples to illustrate how battery energy storage can be used in large-scale applications. A brief discussion of the various battery chemistries that are suited to large-scale applications is provided, as well as guidance on what factors to look for when trying to select an appropriate chemistry for a given application. An overview of how the storage system’s power electronics work is followed by a more detailed description of possible power electronic topologies and power electronic controls that are used to ensure that the system can be properly integrated with the generation source and, if necessary, the load. Battery management and battery monitoring via the power electronic controls is discussed briefly. This chapter concludes with a detailed example of battery energy storage system integration that is summarized with data obtained in the field.

Keywords

Battery Energy Storage System Flow Batterie Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage Battery Management System Battery Energy Storage 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Acronym List

BES

Battery energy storage

BESS

Battery energy storage system

BEWAG

Berliner Kraft- und Licht

BMS

Battery management system

CAES

Compressed air energy storage

CREW

Continuous Reliability Enhancement for Wind

CSI

Current-source inverter

DQ

Direct/quadrature

EC

Electrochemical capacitor

EMI

Electromagnetic interference

EPRI

Electric Power Research Institute

FACTS

Flexible AC transmission systems

FESS

Flywheel energy storage system

GNB

Gould National Battery

GTO

Gate turn-off thyristor

GVEA

Golden Valley Electric Association

HVDC

High voltage direct current

IGBT

Insulated-gate bipolar transistor

LCL

Inductance-capacitance-inductance

LCR

Inductance-capacitance-resistor

ORAP

Operational reliability analysis program

PCC

Point of common coupling

PCS

Power conversion system

PH

Pumped hydro

PI

Proportional integral

PREPA

Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority

PSOC

Partial state of charge

PV

Photovoltaic

PWM

Pulse-width modulation

RMS

Root mean square

SCR

Silicon-controlled rectifier

SLI

Starting, lighting, and ignition

SMES

Superconducting magnetic energy storage

SOC

State of charge

SOH

State of health

VAR

Volt-ampere reactive

VRB

Vanadium redox flow

VSI

Voltage-source inverter

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors gratefully acknowledge support for this work from Dr. Imre Gyuk and the Energy Storage Program in the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability at the US Department of Energy.

Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stan Atcitty
    • 1
  • Jason Neely
    • 1
  • David Ingersoll
    • 1
  • Abbas Akhil
    • 1
  • Karen Waldrip
    • 1
  1. 1.Sandia National LaboratoriesAlbquerqueUSA

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