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Steels pp 191-196 | Cite as

Concrete Structures

Chapter

Abstract

Research has proved that the use of stainless steel has definite benefits but that it must be used intelligently and with careful planning and assessment of economic advantage for the future. The interest in the material is apparent but additional measures need to be instituted to further the knowledge of the engineer about the practical benefits stainless steel reinforcement presents. The second part of the chapter is concerned with differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The thermal stability of ground granulated blast-furnace slag (ggbs) powder is examined. The third part of the chapter involves DSC of the thermal behaviour of hydration products in ggbs. The two-step loss of water from calcium silicate hydrates and dehydroxylation of calcium hydroxide (Ca(OH)2) contributes, respectively, to the two major peaks in the DSC curves. Peaks due to the formation of ettringite and Fe2O3 solid solution are also present. The crystallisation peaks from amorphous phases in the ggbs are significant in the DSC thermograms.

Keywords

Differential Scanning Calorimetry Portland Cement Differential Scanning Calorimetry Curve Calcium Hydroxide Hydration Product 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Ray I, Gupta AP, Biswas M (1996) Physicochemical studies on single and combined effects of latex and superplasticiser on portland cement mortar. Cem Concr Compos 18:343–355. doi: 10.1016/0958-9465(96)00025-X CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Sha W, Pereira GB (2001a) Differential scanning calorimetry study of ordinary Portland cement paste containing metakaolin and theoretical approach of metakaolin activity. Cem Concr Compos 23:455–461. doi: 10.1016/S0958-9465(00)00090-1 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Sha W, Pereira GB (2001b) Differential scanning calorimetry study of normal Portland cement paste with 30 % fly ash replacement and of the separate fly ash and ground granulated blast-furnace slag powders. In: Venturino M (compiled) Proceedings of the seventh CANMET/ACI international conference on fly ash, silica fume, slag and natural pozzolans in concrete, Supplementary volume. ACI, Detroit, pp 295–309Google Scholar
  4. Sha W, Pereira GB (2001c) Differential scanning calorimetry study of hydrated ground granulated blast-furnace slag. Cem Concr Res 31:327–329. doi: 10.1016/S0008-8846(00)00472-5

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Planning, Architecture and Civil EngineeringQueen’s University BelfastBelfastUK

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