Expression of Temporal Topology Based on GML

  • Ningning Sui
  • Shanshan Zhang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 217)


Temporal topological relationships are an important part of the time and space characteristics of the geographic entities, but there is no good enough technology system about how to realize the temporal topology. The Geography Markup Language (GML) 3.1 has started to support temporal topology. In this paper, the temporal topology core schema in GML was introduced. Based on the structure of the temporal topological core schema in GML 3.2.1, combined with the classic temporal model framework “4I,” the 9I temporal model framework was extended from 4I which is suitable for GML to express temporal topology. At last, an analysis system was given which based on 9I framework.


GML Temporal topology 4I 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Geosciences and Info-Physics, Key Laboratory of Metallogenic Prediction of NonferrousCentral South University, Ministry of Education of P.R.ChinaChangshaChina

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