Study on Biological Effect of Plasticizer

  • Yutao Gong
  • Minling Gao
  • Chunxiao Sun
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering book series (LNEE, volume 204)


In order to describe the influence of long-term and low dose exposure of plasticizer, the chronic toxicity of Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) to Daphnia magna was determined according to the residual concentration of DBP in the practical environment. The effect of DBP on survival, reproduction and growth was monitored. The parameters used to evaluate the environment effect on reproduction included the body length, moulting times, pregnancy times. The results showed that the low concentration of DBP had no significant (P < 0.05) impact on the somatotype of Daphnia magna. While the concentration of DBP was in the range of 2–20 μg/L, the ecdysis and pregnancy of the exposed organisms were promoted. And the stimulating effect was enhanced with increasing concentration of DBP.


Plasticizer Dibutyl phthalate Daphnia magna 


  1. 1.
    Amir S, Hafidi M, Merlina G, Hamdi H, Jouraiphy A, Gharous ME, Revel JC (2005) Fate of phthalic acid esters during composting of both lagooning and activated sludges. Process Biochem 40:2183–2190CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Gibson R, Wang MJ, Padgett E, Beck AJ (2005) Analysis of 4-nonylphenols phthalates and polychlorinated biphenyls in soils and biosolids. Cousins Chemosphere 61:1336–1344CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Hutzinge O (1984) The handbook of environmental chemistry, vol 1. Springer, Berlin, pp 25–30Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    IPCS (1997) Environmental health criteria 189 di-n-butyl phthalate. Health Organ Geneva 1:225–231Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Muszkat L, Bir L, Raucher D (1997) Identification of mixed o-phenyl alkyl phthalate esters in an agricultural land. Bull Environ Coutam Toxicol 58:348–355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rhind SM, Smith A, Kyle CE, Telfer G, Martin G, Duff E, Mayes RW (2002) Phthalate and alkylphenol concentrations in soil following applications of inorganic fertiliser or sewage sludge to pasture and potential rates of ingestion by grazing ruminants. Environ Monit 4:142–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Teil MJ, Blanchard M, Chevreuil M (2006) Atmospheric fate of phthalate esters in an urban area (Paris-France). Sic Total Environ 354:212–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wolfe NL, Steen WC, Bums LA (1980) Phthalate ester hydrolysis: linear free energy relationships. Cousins Chemosphere 19:403–408CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lovekamp TN, Davis BJ (2001) Mono-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate suppresses aromatase transcript levels and estradiol production in cultured rat granulosa cells. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 172:217–224CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sung HH, Kao WY (2003) Effects and toxicity of phthalate esters to hemolytic of giant freshwater prawn. Macro brachium Rosenberger 64:25–37Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Hemming IV, Ann-Marie H, Johan M (1981) Effects of di-n-butyl phthalate on the carotenoid synthesis in green plants. Physiol Plant 53:158–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Herring R, Bering CL (1988) Effects of phthalate esters on plant seedlings aud reversal by a soil microorganism. Bull Environ Contain Toxicol 40:626–632CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hardwick RC, Cole RA, Fyfield TP (1984) Injury to and death of cabbage (brassica oleracea) seedlings caused by vapours of di-butyl phthalate emitted from certain plastics. Ann Appl Biol 105:97–105CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Hannay JW, Millar DJ (1986) Phytotoxicity of phthalate plasticisers. 1. Diagnosis and commercial implications. Exp Bot 37:883–897CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Chen J, Qiu ZQ, Shu WQ, Cao J (2007) Pollution of PAEs in water and the biodegradations studies in china. Zhuan Jia Lun Tan, 19:212–214Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Fromme H, Kuchler T, Otto T, Pilz K, Muller J, Wenzel A (2002) Occurrence of phthalates and bisphenol A and F in the environment. Water Res 36:1429–1438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    William JA et al (1995) A summary of the acute toxicity of 14 phthalate esters to representative aquatic organisms. Environ Toxicol Chem 14:1569–1574CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Zhou YX et al (1989) Test method for aguatic organisms. Agric Press 1:147–150Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Environmental and Chemical EngineeringTianjin Polytechnic UniversityTianjinChina

Personalised recommendations