Low Carbon Sustainable Urban-Scale Masterplanning

  • Phil Jones


This chapter discusses the need for energy and environmental modeling at an urban scale. It stresses the importance of carrying out such modeling at an early masterplanning stage of a new development. It also considers modeling the existing built environment at urban scale and how this can inform retrofit programs. A variety of modeling methods are introduced, from simple annual energy calculations, to how more complex energy models developed for individual building simulation can be applied at an urban scale. The use of physical-scale modeling for environmental predictions is also discussed. The chapter uses a range of urban case studies to illustrate the modeling applications. Finally, a general framework for sustainable urban-scale masterplanning is introduced. The work is based on the development of urban-scale modeling tools and processes from a range of research and design projects. Learning outcomes: On successful completion of this chapter, readers will be able to: (1) explore the need for urban-scale energy and environmental modeling; (2) discuss methods of urban-scale energy and environmental modeling; (3) understand the application of modeling through case studies; and (4) appreciate the wider aspects of sustainable masterplanning.


Low carbon Masterplanning Modeling urban scale 



The case studies presented here have involved a number of coworkers at the Welsh School of Architecture, Cardiff University. In particular, I would like to acknowledge Don Alexander, Hugh Jenkins, Simon Lannon, and Jo Patterson. I would also like to acknowledge other collaborators at Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Tianjin University, ACLA Ltd, which is part of the Hyder Consultancy group, and Chongqing Iron and Steel Institute (CISDI).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1. Welsh School of ArchitectureCardiff UniversityCardiffUK

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