Evidence Based Neonatal Surgery

Chapter

Abstract

Surgical intervention has, quite rightly, a well-established role in the management of a number of congenital and acquired neonatal conditions. Surgical approaches have been developed over a period of time, from the initial endeavours of pioneering neonatal surgeons, to the procedures commonly in everyday use today. Such development has been predominantly a result of necessity, learning from past experience and translation of techniques in use in other surgical fields into neonatal surgery. As neonatal surgical experience has grown, surgeons have begun to develop alternatives to what were once thought to be traditional techniques such that for a number of conditions we now have the luxury of choice in the treatment of these often fragile infants. With choice, there comes a dilemma. Which approach should be used? How should we make the decision?

Keywords

Evidence based neonatal surgery Evidence based paediatric surgery Systematic review and meta-analysis RCTs 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of MedicineUniversity Surgery Unit, University of SouthamptonSouthamptonUK
  2. 2.Developmental Biology and Cancer ProgrammeUCL Great Ormond Street Institute of Child HealthLondonUK
  3. 3.Division of General and Thoracic SurgeryThe Hospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada

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