• Jawad Yousaf
  • Stephano R. Parlato
  • Conor L. Mallucci


The term Hydrocephalus relates to the presence of an excessive amount of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), which may cause an increase in intracranial pressure with or without associated abnormal enlargement of the cerebral ventricles. Hydrocephalus is not a single pathological disease entity rather it is secondary to a variety of pathological processes or insults that cause an imbalance between the production and absorption of CSF.


Hydrocephalus Pathophysiology Classification Venticulo-peritoneal shunt Ventriculostomy 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd., part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jawad Yousaf
    • 1
  • Stephano R. Parlato
    • 1
  • Conor L. Mallucci
    • 2
  1. 1.Alder Hey Children’s NHS Foundation TrustLiverpoolUK
  2. 2.Department of Neurosurgery, Alder Hey Children’s NHS Foundation TrustLiverpoolUK

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