The Chinese Model of Rural Electrification and Electricity Access
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China, despite her billion-plus population and vast geographical coverage, has successfully achieved almost universal electrification (IEA 2009). The purpose of this chapter is to present the Chinese approach to rural electrification and to identify whether China provides lessons for other countries. An extensive literature review forms the basis of this chapter. We find that China followed a more pragmatic approach by combining the top-down approach with bottom-up, local-level solutions. China has also used a phased development process and successfully integrated local resources, village-level development and empowerment, rural income generation and local capacity development. The integrated rural development approach has produced local-level solutions while a strong government commitment and financial support ensured programme delivery. The Chinese model could serve as an inspiration for other developing countries trying to ensure universal electricity access but local adaptation and implementation issues can not be underestimated.
KeywordsCentral Government Electricity Consumption Critical Success Factor China Statistical Yearbook Village Electrification
We have benefited from the comments made on an earlier draft by a number of specialists. We are particularly grateful to Prof. Philip Andrews-Speed, Prof. Shi Dan, Dr. Mingying Yang and Dr. Xiaoyi Mu. Usual disclaimers apply.
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